IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample: Urbanization

IELTS writing task 2 sample urbanization

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult.

Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

People from rural areas often decide to leave their life behind and migrate to cities in the hope of finding a more comfortable one, but little do they know that migration does not necessarily lead to a higher quality of life since urban lifestyle comes with its own share of problems. Nevertheless, there are measures that governments can take to eliminate these difficulties.

Urban lifestyle, despite its surface glamor, makes it difficult for some people to have a fulfilling life. A higher cost of living, for instance, is one that many migrants would find the most difficult to deal with. This is because of the fact that retail prices of consumer goods such as food and clothes are much higher in cities than in rural areas. Moreover, smaller living spaces in an urban setting (the apartments designed to accommodate more people in smaller areas) may also have an adverse effect on the overall happiness of urban residents since such accommodations do not allow people to have much personal space. Therefore, living in a city may lead to families going broke or becoming depressed due to lack of personal freedom. 

However, there are solutions to the above-mentioned issues, which can make life much easier for people in metropolises. First, by lowering tax rates for businesses, governments can lower production costs, leading to a decrease in retail prices. Second, more roads and highways should be built to facilitate the transportation of goods because faster delivery time means lower fuel consumption of transport vehicles, which results in lower consumer prices. Finally, the authorities should encourage city planners and architects to develop ideas to expand city sprawls and make better use of the interior space of each residential building. By implementing these measures, people could have affordable lives and more freedom, leading to higher levels of fulfillment.

In conclusion, urbanization is a phenomenon that makes life extremely difficult for people residing in cities, but the responsible authorities can facilitate such challenges through some changes in the infrastructure of urban areas.

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